MANILA GALLEON TRADE

BUYING & SELLING PHILIPPINE COLLECTION, WORLD COLLECTION

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Carlos III 1759 - 1788

 Charles III (January 20, 1716December 14, 1788) was King of Spain 1759 88 (as Carlos III), King of Naples and Sicily173559 (as Carlo VII and Carlo V), and Duke of Parma 173235 (as Carlo I). He was a proponent of enlightened absolutism.

Charles was the first son of the second marriage of Philip V with Elizabeth Farnese of Parma.

At the age of sixteen he was sent to rule as Duke of Parma by right of his mother. On December 1, 1734 following Montemar's victory over the Austrians at Bitonto, he made himself master of Naples and Sicily by arms. Charles had, however, no military tastes, seldom wore uniforms, and could only with difficulty, be persuaded to witness a review. The peremptory action of the British admiral commanding in the Mediterranean at the approach of the War of the Austrian Succession, who forced him to promise to observe neutrality under a threat to bombard Naples, made a deep impression on his mind. It gave him a feeling of hostility towards the Kingdom of Great Britain which, in after-times, influenced his policy. In 1735, he resigned Parma to Emperor Charles VI in exchange for recognition as King of Naples and Sicily. As King of Naples and Sicily, Charles began there the work of internal reform which he afterwards continued in Spain. Foreign ministers who dealt with him agreed that he had no great natural ability, but he was honestly desirous to do his duty as king, and he showed good judgment in his choice of ministers. The chief minister in Naples, Tanucci, had a considerable influence over him. It was during his rule that the Roman cities of Herculaneum (1738), Stabiae and Pompeii (1748) were re-discovered. The king encouraged the excavations and was informed about the findings even after moving to Spain.

 

BARILLA

Copper: 18 mm

 Obv: CIUDAD DE MAN .1766. around outer edge. At the top is a crown with a castle below.

Rev: Within a wide crowned shield is a sea-lion holding a sword. The shield divides a "BA monogram and the figure "1" (value).

Barilla1766.jpg picture by manilagalleon1565

1766, Manila

 

1/4 REAL

"Cuartillo"

Silver: 11.5 mm

TYPE I

Obv: A rampant lion

Rev: A castle

On December 19, 1769, officials in the Philippines ordered 6,000 pesos of silver quartillos from the mint in Mexico City. These quartillos, minted expressly for the Philippines, bears no mintmarks, date, nor inscription.

cuartillo-2.jpg picture by manilagalleon1565

ca. 1770

Mintage: 192,000

Including Type II

 

TYPE II

Obv: A rampant lion (tail pointing outward)

Rev: A castle (higher and slimmer castle)

 

cuartillo-1.jpg picture by manilagalleon1565

ca. 1770

 

OCTAVO

Copper: 18 mm

Obv: VTRUMQ.VIRT.PROTEGO. M.1773.M. , around outer edge. A lion with sword guarding two big globes (worlds) in the center. 

Rev: CAR.III D.G.HISP. ET IND.R. , around outer edge. Crowned coat of arms of Spain in the center with curved edge shield divides 8 and floral of 4 petals.

octavo1773-1.jpg picture by manilagalleon1565

1773, Manila

RARE

 

1782, Manila

RARE

Similar to above except the date.

octavo1783-1.jpg picture by manilagalleon1565

 1783, Manila

RARE

  Similar to above except the date.

 

1 QUARTO

Copper: 22 mm

Obv: VTRUMQ.VIRT.PROTEGO. M.1773.M. , around outer edge. A lion with sword guarding two big globes in the center. 

Rev: CAR.III D.G.HISP. ET IND.R. , around outer edge. Crowned coat of arms of Spain in the center with curved edge shield divides 2 florals of 6 petals.

cuarto1771-1.jpg picture by manilagalleon1565

1771, Manila

Copper: 20.5 mm

cuarto1773-1.jpg picture by manilagalleon1565

1773, Manila

Similar to above except date and florar of 4 petals.

 

1774, Manila

RARE

Similar to above excet the date.

 

1782, Manila

Similar to above except the date

cuarto1783-1.jpg picture by manilagalleon1565

1783, Manila

Similar to above except the date and the shield edge has straight sides.

 

MEDALS

Carlos III, Instituidor, Benefico

carlosIIImedal.jpg picture by manilagalleontrade

 Comercio Filipino Renace, Manila

carlosIII-1.jpg picture by manilagalleontrade

Premio del Valor, Manila

 carlos3.jpg picture by manilagalleontrade

Aplicacion al Trabajo, Manila

carlos3medal.jpg picture by manilagalleontrade

Perfeccion Aumento, Manila

  

 

Carlos IV 1788-1808