Manila Galleon 1565
The Manila galleons or Manila-Acapulco galleons were Spanish trading ships that sailed once or twice per year across the Pacific Ocean between Manila in the Philippines and Acapulco, Mexico. The name changed reflecting the city that the ship was sailing from. Service was inaugurated in 1565 and continued into the early 19th century. The Mexican War of Independence put a permanent stop to the galleon sailings. Though service was not inaugurated until almost 50 years after the death of Christopher Columbus, the Manila galleons constitute the fulfillment of Columbus' dream of sailing west to go east to bring the riches of the Indies to Spain and the rest of Europe.
The cobs or macuquinas of colonial mints were the earliest coins in the Philippines, brought in by the Manila galleons from Mexico and other Spanish colonies.
Spanish colonial silver coin design in the
The silver dos mundos or pillar dollar is considered one of the world’s most beautiful coins.