lapulapu.gif picture by philippinecoin

Kaliph Pulako "Lapu Lapu"

 Lapu-Lapu was the king of Mactan, an island in the Visayas, Philippines, who is known as the first native of the archipelago to have resisted Spanish colonization. He is now regarded as the first Filipino hero.

On the morning of April 27, 1521, Lapu-Lapu and the men of Mactan, armed with spears and "Kampilan", faced Spanish soldiers led by Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan. In what would later be known as the Battle of Mactan, Magellan and several of his men were killed.

According to Sulu oral tradition, Lapu-Lapu was a Muslim chieftain, and was also known as "Kaliph Pulaka". The people of Bangsamoro, the Moro homeland in the Philippines, consider him to be a Muslim and a member of the Tausug ethnic group.

 A variant of the name, as written by Carlos Calao, a 17th century Chinese-Spanish poet in his poem Que Dios Le Perdone (Spanish, "That God May Forgive Him") is "Cali Pulacu".

The 1898 Philippine Declaration of Independence refers to Lapu-Lapu as "King Kalipulako de Maktan". In the 19th century, the reformist Mariano Ponce used a variant name, "Kalipulako", as one of of his pseudonyms.




BarterRing-3.gif picture by philippinecoin

 A Pre-hispanic barter ring or earring used as a form of money or mode of exchange.  Tubular and bent to a circles 4.8cm diameter. 16.9g, 14k red gold. Existing literature states that barter rings were introduced to what is now the Philippines by West Asians in the 1st century AD and was used until the 16th century.



piloncitos.gif picture by philippinecoin

Piloncitos are tiny engraved bead-like gold bits unearthed in the Philippines. They are the first recognized coinage in the Pre-colonial Philippines, circulated between the 9th and 12th century. They emerged when increasing trade made barter incovenient.

The term piloncitos comes from the word pilon, a local sugar container that resembles the coin. They are engraved with the Brahmanic character "ma" which looks like an upside down "R". We can only guess that this character refers to the pre-colonial kingdom of Ma-yi which is roughly the Philippines we know today.

Many piloncitos were unknowingly melted into jewelry in the past and very few excist today.



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